Air air pollution nonetheless too excessive in most EU Member States — European Atmosphere Company

The EEA briefing ‘Europe’s air high quality standing 2021’ presents the newest official knowledge for 2019, in addition to provisional knowledge for 2020, on concentrations of key air pollution measured at over 4,500 monitoring stations throughout 40 European nations.

The EEA knowledge present that air air pollution continues to be a serious well being threat for Europeans. In central and japanese Europe, the burning of strong fuels for home heating and trade leads to excessive concentrations of each fantastic and coarse particulate matter, in addition to benzo[a]pyrene, a recognized carcinogen. Publicity to fantastic particulate matter causes heart problems, lung most cancers and different ailments that result in untimely deaths. In larger cities, excessive concentrations of nitrogen dioxide persist attributable to highway visitors, with nitrogen dioxide linked to bronchial asthma and respiration issues. And, particularly in southern Europe, pollution emitted from human actions react in warmth and daylight to provide excessive concentrations of ground-level ozone, linked to heart problems and irritation of the eyes, nostril and throat.

Key outcomes:

  • Particulate matter (PM10): 21 nations (of which 16 have been EU Member States[1]) registered concentrations above the EU each day restrict worth in 2019, whereas 31 nations registered concentrations above the stricter World Well being Group (WHO) guideline from 2005.
  • Tremendous particulate matter (PM2.5): 7 nations (of which 4 have been EU Member States) registered concentrations above the EU annual restrict worth in 2019, whereas 28 nations registered concentrations above the 2005 WHO guideline.
  • Floor-level ozone (O3): 24 nations (of which 19 have been EU Member States) registered concentrations above the EU annual restrict worth in 2019, whereas all nations registered concentrations above the 2005 WHO guideline.
  • Nitrogen dioxide (NO2): 22 nations (of which 18 have been EU Member States) registered concentrations above the EU annual restrict worth in 2019, which is similar because the 2005 WHO guideline.

The EEA’s knowledge present that air high quality in Europe improved in 2020, as lockdown measures to regulate the unfold of COVID-19 led to a fall in transport emissions, mixed with favorable climate patterns. An EEA evaluation of the impacts of COVID-19 lockdowns on air high quality in 2020 is introduced in a separate briefing and extra extensively within the Air High quality in Europe – 2020 report.


The WHO has established air high quality pointers to guard human well being from the impacts of air pollution. These pointers are from 2005 and primarily based on the most effective scientific proof out there at the moment. WHO is predicted to publish new air high quality pointers on 22 September 2021.

The EU´s Ambient Air High quality Directives set most values for a complete of 13 air pollution. Though these values consider related WHO pointers, additionally they mirror the technical and financial feasibility of their attainment throughout EU Member States. For many air pollution, the EU air high quality requirements are much less strict than the WHO 2005 air high quality pointers.

Different key assets:

[1] The EEA’s evaluation of the state of air high quality in 2019 and 2020 consists of knowledge from the UK, in settlement with the phrases of the Withdrawal Settlement, which entered into pressure on 1 February 2020.

Supply hyperlink