The work of engineers is undertaken within the context of various and sophisticated social points. It’s time for college curricula to mirror this actuality
Engineering is mostly perceived as a extremely technical area of research with no scarcity of advanced math and physics. But engineering, at its core, seems to develop options for society’s issues, like secure ingesting water provide and catastrophe restoration, that are largely social in nature. Sadly, this core idea isn’t well-reflected in college curricula.
I’ve spent six and a half years learning mechanical engineering by way of three packages at two educational establishments, together with the College of Victoria. From my expertise, the UVic mechanical engineering curriculum permits college students to decide on just one non-technical elective. After a preliminary survey, I discovered that many different universities throughout Canada seem to have an identical lack of non-technical publicity of their engineering curricula.
The UVic College of Engineering mission assertion goals to create financial, social, and environmental advantages for the neighborhood. But, by way of the present curriculum, these advantages are usually not all meaningfully addressed.
In my educational program, I selected GEOG 306 as my elective. This course critically analyzed the political, social, and cultural historical past of Canada, offering perspective on how this historical past has formed the nation, in addition to a socio-political context for me to additional perceive the broader implications of engineering. Different college students had been free to decide on their very own elective from a prolonged pre-approved listing.
These non-technical electives are meant to assist college students achieve an understanding of points and thought processes central to the humanities and social sciences. However can this actually occur by way of a single, remoted course?
This begs the query — how can engineering college students assist construct a simply future if they don’t have the chance to totally perceive the problems that problem society as we speak?
Sure, it’s true that some senior engineering programs embody quick, remoted, non-technical matters such because the environmental implications of a selected know-how. Nonetheless, in my expertise, these sections are sometimes discrete, given low precedence, and both rushed or canceled by the top of the semester. On prime of this, necessary matters just like the social and moral implications of a proposed resolution are seldom explored.
And sure, engineering college students are required to take introductory programs on ethics and engineering legislation, giving a primary overview of how points like local weather change mitigation match into society’s social, moral, and authorized framework. However these obligatory programs are remoted from the curriculum’s technical topics, that are generally seen because the “actual” engineering content material.
This remoted and extremely restricted method to engineering ethics and different non-technical matters isn’t working. It supplies a slender perspective that may lead college students to think about non-technical points irrelevant to the core problem-solving means of engineering.
I don’t stand alone with this concern. There’s a rising physique of analysis supporting elevated inclusion and integration of non-technical matters inside engineering curricula.
For instance, Dr. Erin Cech launched a research in 2013 exhibiting that U.S. engineering college students throughout 4 schools skilled a major decline of their concern for public welfare all through their training. Moreover, Dr. Madeline Polmear and others revealed a research in 2021 highlighting how publicity to non-technical matters considerably impacts engineering college students’ perceptions concerning the function of ethics and social affect within the engineering career.
These research stress that problems with ethics and social affect shouldn’t be left for engineers to study by way of skilled apply. It’s important that college students are uncovered to those matters by way of their training to develop a strong understanding of the broader results of their work.
These research additionally spotlight the necessity to higher facilitate integration of non-technical matters inside engineering curricula. UVic isn’t any exception.
In as we speak’s world, the work of engineers is undertaken within the context of various and sophisticated social points like secure ingesting water provide, catastrophe restoration, and local weather change mitigation. This work can span various social and cultural landscapes, be it in mega cities or distant communities throughout high-income and low-income areas. It’s time for college curricula to mirror this actuality.
Transferring ahead, it’s important for universities to allocate assets in direction of modernizing engineering training. Program directors should critically analyze their curricula and be certain that college students are uncovered to ethics and problems with social welfare, matters historically remoted within the area of social sciences. This may be achieved by offering a various and significant choice of programs from different schools and higher integration of those matters inside the present technical curricula.
Lastly, college students and professors should select to have interaction with and query these matters each inside and out of doors of the classroom.
As said by Cech, an influential researcher with an engineering diploma and a doctorate in sociology: “If college students are usually not ready to assume by way of these problems with public welfare, then we’d say they don’t seem to be totally ready to enter the engineering apply.”